Bài Tập Tiếng Anh 10 Unit 10: Conservation Có Đáp Án – Mai Lan Hương

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Bài Tập Tiếng Anh 10 Unit 10: Conservation Có Đáp Án-Mai Lan Hương. Các bạn xem bài tập có key ở dưới để cũng cố kiến thức và ôn tập một cách hiệu quả.

UNIT 10CONSERVATION

I. Circle the word in which the​​ letters​​ b​​ or p is silent.

1. plantscupcropcupboard

2. baddoubledoubtbright

3, psychology potato paper possible

4. fobbedcrabclubdumb

5. recipespecialrepeatreceipt

6. combineproblemlambDublin

7. pneumoniaequipmentexplosionsurprise

8. obeytombtableblade

9. programpeoplepsalmpipe

10. debtablefootballtrouble

II. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the appropriable word in the box.

conserve erode eliminate circulate destroy

constant pollute defend endanger disappear

1. The world's rain forests must be safe from_____________

2. Major steps are being taken to control the​​  ​​ of beaches.

3. Water​​  ​​ is necessary for hydropower stations.

4. People are​​  ​​ doing harm to the environment.

5. The government has made no attempt to reduce soil ___________

6. He stressed the need to pass a law in nature's'______________

7. Many species of plants and animals have been virtually

8. Trees, grasses, and other plant life play an important part in the natural of water.

9. Modern farming practice has led to the virtual _____________of this bird.

10. The giant panda is an​​  ​​ species.

III. ​​ Rewrite these sentences. Instead of using 'somebody/ people/ they' etc, write a passive sentence.

1. Someone introduced me to Dr Felix last year.

 ___________________________________________________________________

2. People are destroying large areas of 'forest every day.

 ___________________________________________________________________

3. Somebody has bought the land next to our house.

 ___________________________________________________________________

4. 'Somebody had already reported the accident before I phoned.

 ___________________________________________________________________

5. People were using the tennis court, so we couldn't play.

 ___________________________________________________________________

6. You can buy videos like this one anywhere.

 ___________________________________________________________________

7. Somebody will tell you when you should go in to see the doctor.

 ___________________________________________________________________

8. Has anybody shown you what to do?

 ___________________________________________________________________

9. They should have finished the hotel by the time you arrive.

 ___________________________________________________________________

10. Someone has to write the history of the European Community one day.

___________________________________________________________________

11. Nobody told me that George was ill.

___________________________________________________________________

12. They have found an unexploded bomb in Herbert Square, and they are evacuating the area.

___________________________________________________________________

13. They are opening the case again because they're not satisfied with the verdict.

___________________________________________________________________

14. People expect better results soon.

___________________________________________________________________

15. When is someone going to announce the results of the contest?

___________________________________________________________________

IV. Rewrite these sentences beginning with the words provided.​​ 

1. The manager always welcomes new employees.

New employees ______________________________________________________

2. Janet's colleagues gave her a present when she retired.

 ​​ Janet​​ ______________________________________________________________

3. ​​ Thomas Edison invented the phonograph in 1877.​​ 

 The phonograph​​ ______________________________________________________

4. Stephen Court has just invented an armchair which can

 ​​ An armchair​​ _________________________________________________________

5. Where will your company send you next year?​​ 

 Where will you​​ _______________________________________________________

6. During the recession, the firm was making people redundant​​ 

During the recession, people ____________________________________________

7. Had a special messenger delivered the package before you.

 ​​ Had the package _____________________________________________________

8. The students usually hold the concerts at the university.​​ 

The concerts _________________________________________________________

9. The scientists are studying the problem carefully.​​ 

The problem _________________________________________________________

10. The police found two children in the forest.​​ 

Two children ________________________________________________________

 

V. Choose the correct form of the verbs. .

The world's oceans are so vast that they (1)​​ can cope/ can be coped​​ with the present levels of population. However, little (2)​​ is knowing/ is known​​ about the long-term effects of such slow poisoning. The most 'serious problem modern times is that man (3)​​ is destroying/ is being​​ destroyed the earth’s natural resources and transforming huge areas into wasteland. As a result. (4)​​ is becoming/ is become​​ extremely difficult to grow enough to feed the world's rapidly increasing population. A way of protecting all the wildlife the earth must also (5)​​ being found/ be found​​ as many species (6)​​ have been/ are​​ in 'anger of disappearing completely from the face of the earth.​​ The dangers, ever (7)​​ do not confine/ are not confined​​ solely to the land and sea. The smoke in the atmosphere, for example, (8)​​ is increasing/ has been increased​​ so much that the amount of sunlight (9)​​ has reduced/ has b-reduced​​ in many cities. Man's whole environment (10)​​ is changing/ is being changed​​ in a serious way.

VI. Choose the appropriate expression to complete these conversations.

  • A: l feel like having seafood for dinner, but we went to Tai Pak seafood last night.

 B:.................. go again? The food's great, and so is the view.

a. Why don't'b. Let's notc. Why .not

  • A: I'm really tired.....................resting before we go out?

B: That's good idea. I'm tired too.

a. Let's.b. Shall we.c. How about

  • A: It's a lovely day.....................go for a walk?

B: Yes, OK.

a. Shall web. Let'sc. Would you like,

  • A: I want to explore downtown Hong Kong.

B: .........................take a minibus? We'll see a lot more that way.

a. Let's notb. What aboutc. Why don't we

  • A: .................. to stay the night?

B: Oh, that's very kind of you.

a. Why don't youb. Do you feel likec. Would you like

  • A: A group of foreign students just checked in at the hotel.

B: .................. ask them to join us for dinner.

a. Maybe we couldb. How aboutc. Why not

  • A:.................have some chicken soup first?

a. who taught us b. whom taught us c. that taught us d. whose teaching is

B: Not for me, thank you.

a. Do you feel likeb. Would you likec. Why don't you

8. A: I don't want to go home tomorrow. I'm having a really good time here.​​ 

B: So am I ............ leave tomorrow.

a. Let's notb. Why notc. Maybe we could

  • A: I still need to buy some souvenirs before we leave.​​ 

B: ............ go shopping after dinner.

a. How aboutb. Shall wec. Let’s

  • A: ............. ​​ to get you some water?

B: Oh, thanks. I'm really thirsty.

a: Will you pleaseb. Could Ic. Would you like me

VII. Read the following paragraph, then choose the correct verb form to fill in each blank.

When man first learned how to make a fire, he began to use fuel for the first time. The first fuel he used was probably wood. As time (1)................ man eventual discovered that substances such as coal and oil (2)...........​​ 

Coal (3) .........very widely as a source of energy until the last century. With the coming of the industrial revolution, it was soon realized that production (4).............. if coal was used instead of wood. Nowadays. many of the huge factories and electricity generating stations (5).......... to function if there was no coal In the last twenty or thirty years, however, the use of coal (6) ...............​​ As a result, there have been changes in the coal industry. It (7) ............ that more people (8) ............coal if oil and gas were not so readily available. There is more than enough coal in the world for man's needs for the next. two hundred years if our use of coal (9) ............. Unfortunately, however, about half of the world's coal (10) .........Mining much of it (11.....................very expensive even if it was possible to use new equipment.

 

1.​​  a. passesb. used to pass c. would passd. passed

2.​​  a. are burningb. would burn c. have burnt d. were burnt

3.​​  a. not used b. did not use c. not using​​  d. was not used

4.​​  a. doubles b. had doubled c. will double​​  d. would double

5.​​  a. were unable b. would be unable c. will be unable d. are unable

6.​​  a. has declined b. will decline c. declines d. would decline

7.​​  a. believedb. is believing c. believingd. is believed

8.​​  a. would use b. used c. use d. will use

9.​​ a. did not increase b. would not increase​​  c.​​ does not increase​​  d. may not increase

10.​​  a. would never use​​  b. may never be used ​​  c. would never be used​​  d. may never use

11.​​  a. was b. used to be c. would bed. d. has been

VIII. Read the following passage carefully, then choose the correct answers.

We are all slowly destroying the earth. The seas and rivers are too dirty to swim in. There is so much smoke in the air that it is unhealthy to live in many of the world's cities. In one well-known city, for example, poisonous gases from cars pollute the air so much that traffic policemen have to wear oxygen masks.

We have cut- down so many trees that there are now vast areas of waste­land all over the world. As a result, farmers in parts of Africa cannot grow enough to eat. In certain countries in Asia there is too little rice. Moreover, we do not take enough care of the countryside. Wild animals are quickly disap­pearing. For instant, tigers are rare in India now because we have killed too many for them to survive. However, it isn't enough simply to talk about the problem. We must act now before it is too late to do anything about it. Join us now. Save the Earth. This is too important to ignore.

1. The seas and rivers nowadays ......................

 a. cannot be swum in b. are less dirty than they used to be

 c. are dirty enough to swim in d. are contaminated

2. Smoke ...................

 a. is harmful to health b. is full of the big cities

 c. causes an healthy life d. makes life in big cities difficult

3. In one well-known city, traffic policemen have to wear oxygen masks....................

  • in order to protect themselves from being injured

  • because there are so many cars on the streets

  • in spite of poisonous gases

d. because of air pollution

4. Why do farmers imparts of Africa and Asia not grow enough to eat?

  • Because many trees have been planted..

  • Because people cut down many trees.

  • Because there is too little rice.

  • Because there are large areas of land that cannot be used.

5. Wild animals are.....................

  • in. danger of extinction

  • being protected from natural environment

  • killed so many that they cannot live in the forests

  • so rare that they cannot survive

6. What's the best title for the passage?

 a. Conservation​​  b. Protect the Natures!

 c. The Environment​​  d. Save the Earth!

 

TEST FOR ​​ UNIT 10

I. PRONUNCIATION

A. Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differ­ently from the others.

1. ​​ a.​​ eliminate b.​​ elephant c.​​ endanger d.​​ erosion

2. ​​ a.​​ pollute b. species c. accept d. receipt

3. ​​ a. environment b. hydroelectric c. circulation d. wild

  • a. club b. lamb c. doubt d. bomber

5. ​​ a. disease b. spread c. breed d. treat

B. Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from the others,

1. a. disappearance b. circulation c. conservation d. environment

2.​​ a. conserve b. pollute c. circulate d. eliminate

3. a. nature b. power c. damage d. defence

4. a. vegetation b. destruction c. variety d. erosion

5. a. injured b. valuable c. forest d. protect

II. VOCABULARY AND EXPRESSION

Choose one word or phrase - a,​​ b, c or d - that best completes the sentence or​​ substitutes for​​ the underlined word or phrase.

1. Half the world's rain forests have already been ___________.

a. endangeredb. eroded​​  c. foundd. destroyed

2. Try to​​ eliminate​​ fatty foods from your diet.

 a. limit b. get rid of c. move  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ d. add

  • Endangered animals should be bred in _______ areas.

 a. conservative b. conservable c. conservation​​  d. conservanc)

  • Acid rain has caused severe _______ on the hillside.

a. erosionb. pollutionc. destruction ​​  d. floods

5. This channel allows rainwater to​​ run off.

 a. keep inside b. move around c. flow into d. flow out of

  • A large hydroelectric __________was built on the River Danube.

 a. power b. dam​​  c. bank d. wall

  • Water can be held on the land by​​ vegetation.

 a. plants used as food b. grown trees

 c. the growth of plants d. plants and trees

8._________ take the train instead of the bus? It's faster.

 a. How about b. Let's c. Why don't d. Why not

9. _________air makes people unpleasant to breathe.

 a. Pollute . b. Pollution. c. Polluted d. Polluting

10. We are now facing the possible________ of several rare species.

 a. danger b. variety c. existence d. disappearance

III. GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE

A.​​ Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c, or d - that best completes the​​ sentence.

1. 'Would you like ……….. lunch with us?' `Yes, I'd love to.'

 a. have b. to have c. having, d. had

2. 'Are you interested in scuba diving?' ………..`Very. Undersea life is

 a. fascinated b. fascinating c. being fascinating  ​​ ​​​​ d. being fascinate

3. 'Ms. Jones, please type those letters before noon’.

' 'They've already ……….. sir. They're on your desk.'

 a. typed b. been typed c. being typed d. been being typed

4. Both domestic and imported automobiles must ……… anti-pollution devices.

 a. equip with b. be equipped with​​  c. equip by d. be equipped

5. 'Has the committee made its decision yet?'

 ​​ ​​​​ `Not yet. They ……….​​ the proposal.'

 a. are still considering b. are still being​​ considered

 c. are still considered d. have been considered

6. 'What a beautiful dress you're wearing!'

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ Thank​​ .you. It ……….. especially for me by a French tailor.'

 a. is made b. has made c. made d. was made

7. Last night a tornado swept through Rockville. It ………. everything in its path.

 a. was destroy b. was being destroyed

 c. destroyed d. had been destroyed

8. In some areas, water ……….. from the ground faster than nature can replenish the supply.

 a. is being taken b. has been taking​​  c. is taking d. has taken

9. An announcement about the eight o'clock flight to Chicago ........................​​ 

 a. has been already made b. has already made

 c. has already been mad d. already made

10. ……… during the storm.

 a. They were collapsed the fence b. The fence was collapsed

 c. 'They collapsed the fence d. The fence collapsed

11. The new computer system ………. next month.

 a. is being installed by people b. is be installed

 c. is being installed  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​  d. is been installed

12. ​​ The man ……….. because medical help was not summoned. A doctor ................... immediately.

 a. was died/ should have been called​​  b. died/ should have called

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ c. is died/ should been called ​​  d. died/ should have been

13. Today, many serious childhood diseases ……….by early immunization.

 a. are preventing​​   ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​  b. can prevent

 c. prevent  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​  d. can be prevented

14. Why did Tom keep making jokes, about me? I don't enjoy

 a. be laughed at b. to be laughed at

 c. laughing​​ at d. being laughed at

15. Many reliable methods of storing information ......................... when computers arrived.

 a. tend forgotten . b. tend to forget

 c. tend to be forgotten d. tend being forgotten

B. Identify the one underlined word or phrase - A,​​ B,​​ C​​ or D - that must be changed for the sentence to be correct.

  • Erosion, which​​ washes​​ away valuable topsoil.​​ can ​​ prevent​​ by​​ planting trees​​ and​​ grass.​​ 

A     ​​ ​​ ​​​​ B  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ C    ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ D

2. The first modern type of​​ Printing​​ press​​ was invented​​ with a German. Johannes​​ 

    A   ​​ ​​​​ B  ​​ C

Gutenberg,​​ in​​ 1439.

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ D

3. it​​ is estimated​​ that​​ much of​​ a teenager's time is​​ spending​​ chatting​​ on the Internet.​​ 

​​ A   ​​ ​​​​ B     ​​​​ C  ​​​​   ​​ ​​ ​​​​ D

  • For​​ several centuries​​ no real changes​​ made​​ in the basic methods​​ used for​​ printing.

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ A ​​  B  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ C  ​​ ​​​​ D ​​ 

5.​​ Hurricanes​​ from the Gulf of Mexico​​ have been caused​​ considerable​​ damage​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ A​​   ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ B  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ C   D

​​ to coastal cities in Texas.

6.​​ Children​​ oughtn't​​ spend too​​ much​​ time​​ playing​​ computer games.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ A  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ B  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ C  D

7.​​ It's​​ his​​ wish​​ that the money should​​ to be​​ given​​ to​​ charity.

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ A B  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ C  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ D

8.​​ Why not​​ you​​ try​​ the cake​​ I​​ have​​ just made?

 A  ​​ ​​​​ B  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ C ​​   ​​ ​​​​ D

9. That pottery​​ was​​ found​​ by​​ an archaeologist while she​​ was worked​​ in this area.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ A  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ B  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ C​​      D

10.​​ The children​​ are​​ only​​ allowed​​ watching​​ television​​ on the​​ weekend.​​ 

A  B  C   ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ D

IV. SPEAKING

Choose phrase or sentence - a, b, c, ​​ or d - that best completes the​​ conversations.

1. A: I'm leaving for lunch. …………….
 ​​ ​​​​ B: Thanks, but 1 can't right now. I'm really busy.

 ​​ ​​​​  a. Do you come? b. Could you come?

 c. Do you feel like going? d. Would you like to come?

2. A: Let's play some music.

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ B: ……….....................................................

 a. Yes, please. b. Thank you. c. Certainly. d. Good idea.

3. A: Lorna,.....................................................

 ​​ ​​​​ B: I'm sorry, .but I can't do it now.

 a. would you like some coffee? b. why don't you make some coffee.​​ 

 c. would you mind making some coffee? d. will.​​ you make some coffee?

4. A: Do you mind if I borrow a chair?

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ B: …………… Do you need only one?

 a. I'm sorry. b. Not at all. c. Yes, I do. d. Yes, I would.

5. A:.................................................................

a. Can we go to Cornward next weekend?

  • Why we don't go to Cornward next weekend?

  • Would you go to Cornward next weekend?

  • How about going to Cornward next weekend?

6. A: Why not take one of those small boats to Lantau Island?

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ B: .........................................................................

 a. Let's do that. b. Why not? c. Sure. d. Oh, there's no hurry

7. A: Would you like me to collect you?

 ​​ ​​​​ B: ........................................................................

 a. Yes, I like. b. Not at all c. I'd love to. d. No, I wouldn't.

8. A:​​  ....................................................................

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ B: I'd be glad to.

  • Would you like to drive me to class today? My car won't start.

  • Would you please drive me to class today? My car won't start.

  • Why don't you drive me to class today? My car won't start.

  • What about driving me to class today? My car won't start.

V. READING COMPREHENSIONS

A. Choose the words or phrases that best complete this passage.

Conservation is the (1) ………. and preservation of natural resources, so that they can continue (2)……… and enjoyed. In the past, most people believed that the world's (3) ……… could never be used up. Today, we know that (4) …….. is not true. An important part of conservation is the (5) ……… of waste - waste of forests, soil, wild-life, (6) ………. and human lives. As important is the fight (7) ……… pollution of our (8)…….. , in particular, the dirtying and poisoning of air and water. Conservation is (9) ……… concerned with the reclaiming of land by (10) …….. deserts, draining swamps or pushing back the sea.

  • a. destruction b. safeguarding c. prevention d. damage

  • a. to use b. being used c. to be used d. used

  • a. resources b. supplies c. gases d. property

  • a. which b. this c. that d. there

  • a. circulation b. preservation c. prevention d. defense

  • a. gases b. coals c. diamonds d. minerals

  • a. for b. against c. to d. on

  • a. neighborhood b. surroundings c. environmentd. Earth

  • a. also b. only c. enough d. as well

  • a. widening b. using c. irrigating d. preserving

B. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answers.

We know that every year less than 100 people are attacked by sharks and about 5 to 10 of these people die. But, let’s look at he other side of the story – How ​​ many sharks ​​ do people kill? Well I think you already know this: People kill many more sharks. Every year, people hunt and kill thousands of sharks. One reason people kill sharks is for sport; they hunt  ​​​​ them just for fun. Some people started to have contests to see who kill the most sharks or he bigger sharks. Another reason that people kill sharks is for food. In some countries, such as the United States and Great Britain, shark meat ​​ is a popular food. In other countries, such as China, people use shark fins to make soup. Because so many people like to eat shark, fishing boats catch a lot of sharks to sell for food.

So, for both of these reasons, people are ​​ killing many sharks. Some biologists are getting worried that the number of sharks is getting too small. That’s why many biologists think we should stop killing so many sharks, and instead try to protect them – or else some day they may all be gone. Some countries have already passed some laws to help protect sharks. The United States, for example, has passed laws that limit the number of sharks that people can kill or food or for sport. So even though some people like to hunt sharks, we do need t protect them.

1. How many sharks are hunted and killed every year?

a. one hundred​​  b. manyc. five to tend. thousands

2. people want to kill sharks because....................

a. they are afraid of sharks​​  

b. shark meat is a popular food

c. they get their enjoyment ​​ from killing sharks.​​ 

d. b and c are correct.

3. The number of sharks in the world is........................

a. getting worried by some biologists.​​  

b. being killed

c. getting bigger

d. getting smaller.

4. Why do billowing wants to protect sharks?

a. Because they want to learn more about sharks.

b. Because they are afraid some day sharks may no longer exist.

 c.​​ Because of the number of sharks that were killed

d. Because sharks fins can be used ​​ in medicine.

5. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage?

a. People like to hunt sharks.

b. Laws have been passed in sharks’ defence.

c. The governments prohibited people from killing sharks.

 d. People are killing many sharks for some reasons.

VI. WRITING

Choose the correct sentence (a, b, c, or d) made from suggested words.

​​ 1. we/ now/ faced/ problems/ environment.

  • We are now faced to the problems of environment.

  • We now faced with the problems of the environment.

  • We are now faced with the problems of the environment.

  • We are now faced by the problems of environment.

2. erosion/ soil/ result/ when / forests/ cut/ carelessly.

  • Soil erosion results when forests are cut carelessly.

  • When soil erosion results, forests are cut down carelessly.

  • When forests cut carelessly, soil erosion results.

  • Soil erosion results when forests are cut down carelessly.

3. rivers/ streams/ seas/ dirtied/ activities/ land.

a: Rivers, streams, and seas is being' dirtied by activities on land.

  • Rivers, streams, and seas are being dirtied by activities on land.

  • Rivers, streams, and seas is being dirtied by land activities.

  • Rivers, streams, and seas are being dirtied activities on land.

4. polluted/ air/ be/ chiefly/ city problem.

  • Polluted air chiefly is a city problem.

  • Polluted air is chiefly city problem.

  • Polluted air is chiefly a city problem.

  • Polluted air is a city problem chiefly.

5. plants/ species/ many/ animals/ be/ danger/ extinction.

  • Many species of plants and animals are in danger of extinction.

  • Many species of plants and animals are danger of extinction.

  • Many plants and animals were in danger of species extinction.

  • Species of plants and,​​ animals are in many danger of extinction.

6. laws/ must/ some/ pass/ help/ protect/ environment.

  • Some laws must pass to.​​ help protect our environment.

  • Some laws must be passed to help protect our environment.

  • Some laws must be passed help to protect our environment.

  • Some laws must passed to help protect our environment.

​​ 

ĐÁP ÁN

 

UNIT 10

 

I.​​ 1. cupboard  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. psychology  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. receipt  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. pneumonia  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 9. psalm​​ 

 ​​ ​​​​ 2. doubt  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 4. dumb  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. lamb  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 8. tomb  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 10. debt​​ 

II. 1. Destruction  ​​​​ 3.​​ conservation  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. erosion  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. eliminated  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 9. disappearance 

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. pollution  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 4.​​ constantly  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. defence  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 8. circulation.  ​​​​ 10. Endangered

III.​​ 1. I was introduced .to Dr Felix last year. 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. Large areas of forest are being destroyed every day.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. The.land next to our house has been bought.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 4. The accident tad already been reported before I phoned.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. The tennis court was being used, so we couldn’t play.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. Videos like this one can be bought anywhere.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. You will be told when you should go in to see the doctor.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 8. Have you been shown what to do?

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ ​​ 9. The hotel should be finished/should have been finished by the time you arrive.​​ 

 ​​ ​​​​ 10. The history of the Eụropean Community has to lie written one day.​​ 

 ​​ ​​​​ 11. I wasn’t told that George was ill.​​ 

 ​​ ​​​​ 12. An unexploded bomb has been found in Herbert Square and the area is 

being evacuated.

 ​​ ​​​​ 13. The case is being opened again because they’re not satisfied with tile verdict. 

 ​​ ​​​​ 14. Better results are expected soon.​​ 

 ​​ ​​​​ 15. When are the results ofihe contest going to be announced?

​​ IV. 1. New employees are always welcomed by the manager.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. Janet was given a present by her colleagues when she retired. ​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3.The phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison in 1877.

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 4. An armchair which can play music has just been invented by Stephen Court. 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. Where will you be sent by your company next year?

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. During the recession people were being made redundant by the firm al- 

most every week.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. Had the package been delivered by a special messenger before you got to 

the office?​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 8. The concerts​​ are​​ usually​​ held at the university by the students.​​ 

​​  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 9.​​ The problem is being carefully studied​​ by​​ the scientists.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 10. Two children were found in the forest by the police.​​ 

V. 1. can cope  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 4. is becoming  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. are not confined  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 10. is being changed 

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. is known  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. be found  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 8. is increasing​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. is destroying  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. are  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 9. has been reduced​​ 

VI.​​ 1. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. a  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 4. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. a  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 8. a  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 9. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 10. c​​ 

VII.​​ 1. d  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. b  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. d  ​​ ​​​​ 4. d  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. b  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. a  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. d  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 8. a  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 9. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 10. b  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 11. c​​ 

VIII. 1. d  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. a  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. d  ​​ ​​​​ 4. d  ​​ ​​​​ 5. a  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. d

IX. 1. The thief suddenly realized that he was being watched by the police. 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. Bicycles must not be ridden on the station flatform.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. She is used to working on a computer. ​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 4. This area depends (mostly) on tourism for its income. 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. The woman whose children had gone back to school felt lonely.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. If you had gone to bed earlier last night you wouldn’t be tired. 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. The assistant gave me such, confusing information that I didn’t know what 

to do.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 8. Emma insisted on having a rest.​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 9.​​ His latest play, which was well reviewed by the critics, has been a great 

success. 

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 10. Not until he has told me about it, do I know this. 

 

TEST FOR UNIT 10

 

I.​​ A. 1. b  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. d  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. c  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 4. a  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. b

 ​​ ​​​​ B. 1. d  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. c ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. d  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 4. a  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. d 

II. 1. d  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. b  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 4. a  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. d  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. d  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. b  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 8. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 9. a  ​​ ​​​​ 10. d  

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 11. b  ​​ ​​​​ 12. d  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 13. d  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 14. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 15. d​​ 

III.A. 1. b  ​​ ​​​​ 2. b  ​​ ​​​​ 3. b  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 4. b  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. a  ​​ ​​​​ 6. d  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. c  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 8. a  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 9. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 10. d 

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 11. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 12. d  ​​ ​​​​ 13. d  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 14. d  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 15. c​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ B. 1. b (can be prevented)  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 4. c (were made)  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. c (be)  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 10. c (to watch) 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. c (by a German)  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. b (have caused)  ​​ ​​​​ 8. a (Why don’t) ​​ 

 ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. c (spent)  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. b (to spend)  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 9. d (was working)

IV. 1. d  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. d  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. c  ​​ ​​​​ 4. b  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. d  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. a  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. c  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 8.​​ b​​ 

V. A. 1. b  ​​​​ 2. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. a  ​​ ​​​​ 4. b  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. c  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. d  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 7. b  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 8. c  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 9. a  ​​ ​​​​ 10. c 

 ​​ ​​ ​​​​ B. 1. d  ​​​​ 2. d  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. d  ​​ ​​​​ 4. b  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. c​​ 

VI.​​ 1. c  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 2. d  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 3. b  ​​ ​​​​ 4. c  ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 5. a  ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 6. b 

 

 

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